ISJ Theoretical & Applied Science



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SOI: 1.1/TAS         DOI: 10.15863/TAS

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ISJ Theoretical & Applied Science 11(31) 2015

ISPC Technological advances, Lancaster, USA

* Scientific Article * Impact Factor 6.630

Salekhov SA, Esaulov VI, Yablochkina SO, Korabelnikova IA


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Language: Russian

Citation: Salekhov SA, Esaulov VI, Yablochkina SO, Korabelnikova IA (2015) INFLUENCE OF THE FIRST YEAR OF LIFE STRESS ON FORMATION OF EATING EHAVIOUR. ISJ Theoretical & Applied Science 11 (31): 155-160. Soi: Doi:

Pages: 155-160

Published: 30.11.2015

Abstract: In this article the analysis of influence of psychological stress in first year babies on formation of eating behaviour and its reinforcement for implementation further in life. The analysis was based on fundamental provisions of psychophysiology, the theory of dominant, the theory of functional systems, regularities of development of the common adaptation syndrome, peculiarities of power supply in intensive impact of stress factors on the nervous system. Integrative approach in consideration of psychoemotional stress of the nursing mother, reaction of her organism to influence of a stress factor, transmittance of information about the stress to the baby with breast milk and immediate influence of decrease in lactation and introduction of supplemental feeding for the baby allowed to reveal two variants of the formed eating behaviour. On one hand, negative emotions of the nursing mother with transfer of humoral stress factors with breast milk, defining a psychoemotional state of the baby, combined with decrease in lactation contribute to formation of a "stress–hunger" link, as a result of which the "comfort eating" pattern is imprinted. On the other hand, decrease in lactation in the mother and introduction of supplemental feeding for the baby leads to the fact that against the discrepancy of adaptive resources of the baby's gastrointestinal tract to the change in character and structure of food the stress develops in the baby, which –against influence of a stress factor and hunger – caused by impossibility to satisfy the increasing metabolic cost at the expense of increase in feeding, will form a survival strategy in the conditions of deficiency of recovery of energy and plastic resources from the outside. That is, prerequisites are created for formation of the eating behavior in stress providing decrease of the activity of energy-intensive processes of an organism including digestion and switch of metabolism to an energy-saving mode. Thus, the stress within the first year of life creates prerequisites for formation of eating behavior which can be implemented in the future, especially in stressful situations.

Key words: psychological stress, breastfeeding, introduction of supplementary feeding, stress in the nursing mother, stress in the baby, stress–hunger, comfort eating, self-eating








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